Drenched in dense Fog, , the fertile and densely populated Indo-Gangetic Plain is enveloped in a meteorological phenomenon that produces a surreal image that may have been seen from NASA’s Terra satellite. Stretching more than 2,500 kilometers from Pakistan to Bangladesh, this enormous plain includes the basins of three main river systems: the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Indus.

The fascinating picture, which shows the intricate network of mist extending from Islamabad, Pakistan, to Dhaka, Bangladesh, was taken on January 15, 2024, by NASA’s Terra satellite using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS).

Cities Break Through: Heat Islands in the Mist

Cities such as Delhi, Agra, Meerut, and Rohtak served as heat islands, allowing the urban landscape to be seen through the haze.

Radiation Fog

Radiation mist, a nighttime occurrence caused by falling ground temperatures, sluggish winds, and an abundance of air moisture, is the most common type of atmospheric phenomenon seen in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The soft, hazy mist meticulously follows the contours of the ground, producing captivating patterns for onlookers below.


Transportation Challenges: Flights and Trains Disrupted

Fog causes frequent delays in flights and trains, impacting transportation networks significantly. An analysis of aviation safety underscores the importance of mist as a leading factor in accidents, ranking just below high winds. To tackle this, precautionary measures and advanced navigation technologies are crucial.

Along with obstructing traffic, Fog presents significant safety hazards. A rise in mist-related accidents and fatalities in India over the past few weeks has highlighted the acute risks associated with this weather phenomenon.

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