The exam structure for Classes 11 and 12 has undergone considerable changes, as declared by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), with the goal of enhancing students’ ability to apply theoretical knowledge to practical situations. In line with the goals of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, this action represents a paradigm change in education toward competency-based learning.

Improved Exam Patterns

According to information released by CBSE officials, a larger proportion of competency-based questions would be included in the examination pattern for Classes 11 and 12 beginning with the 2024–25 session. The amount of these questions—which evaluate students’ application of concepts to real-world scenarios—has increased from 40% to 50% of the total question paper.

Shift from Rote Memorization

Exam structure has been adjusted to reflect a shift away from conventional rote memorization and toward a more comprehensive knowledge of subjects. CBSE seeks to enable children to think strategically, innovate, and gain a deeper understanding of the subjects they study by placing a strong emphasis on competency-based assessment.



CBSE’S Conformity with NEP 2020 Goals

The board’s dedication to implementing Competency-Based Education (CBE) as described in the NEP 2020 was reaffirmed by Joseph Emanuel, Director of CBSE’s Academic Division. In order to equip students for the problems of the twenty-first century, the goal is to provide an educational ecosystem that nurtures students’ capacities for critical, creative, and systems thinking. CBSE is steadfast in its commitment to coordinating assessment and evaluation procedures with the NEP 2020’s goals. These modifications will be put into effect in the upcoming academic year, with an emphasis on evaluating how ideas are used in practical contexts.

Modifications to the Types of Questions

A greater percentage of competency-focused questions, such as multiple-choice (MCQ), case-based, and source-based integrated questions, will be included in the updated test format. Constructed response questions, which include both long and short responses, now make up only 30% of the total.

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